Dosh


A caricaturist, 1921 – 2000

 

Dosh was the name de plume which the well-known caricaturist, Kariel Gardosh, chose for himself.
Dosh came to Israel on the eve of the establishment of the state in 1948, and began his journalistic work in Israel in the Haolam Hazeh weekly. As a new immigrant, lacking sufficient knowledge of Hebrew, he found his niche in drawing and design, despite the fact that he had no formal education in these fields. For several years he served as the graphic editor of the weekly, and began drawing an assortment of caricatures on a regular basis. In 1953 he was invited by the then editor of Maariv, Dr. Azriel Carlibach, to join the paper, where he was given a new column which did not exist previously in Israeli journalism – the daily publication of a political caricature. Until his death, Dosh published some 10,000 caricatures in Maariv, in the majority the figure of Srulik starred.
Similar to well-known emblems in other countries, such as Uncle Sam in the US, Marianne in France and the Russian bear, Srulik was designed by Dosh to represent the State of Israel. The figure, perhaps serious, perhaps real, perhaps imaginary – is of a young, curly-haired boy, wearing a tembel hat, usually in shorts and sandals, or in military uniform, the figure of the Israeli sabra of the 1950s and 60s. In the midst of a variety of situations, often comic, Srulik enabled his creator to express his opinion and address diverse events in the life of the state. But Srulik was not a status symbol. Under the hand and rich imagination of Dosh he became alive, changing, had swinging moods, thoughts and opinions, or as Dosh defined him, “an eternal boy, joyful and tearful, who fights and fails, is disappointed, falls down and gets up again, a kind of bobo doll or a modern day Pinocchio, engulfed in the incessant stormy Israeli existence.”
Srulik was hugely liked by the public, and became a national symbol, reinforcing the status of Dosh as the senior caricaturist in Israel. Another unique component in his caricatures was the black frame drawn in free hand at the bottom corner, with his signature. The frame outlined the microcosm in which the events took place. It defined the world of Srulik and his creator and separated them from their surroundings. It drew the viewer’s attention to the caricature and forced him or her to concentrate on it and try and understand the underlying idea. The daily political caricature was Dosh’s main field, but not his only one. His Srulik appeared on posters, stamps and other items.
Dosh also wrote articles, short stories and plays, and illustrated several children’s books. The represents his diverse work, his unusual personality, his penetrating and broad view of society, politics and the Israeli experience, and his great talent for describing situations and ideas.

 

Curator: Michal Broshi
Opens: March 20

Closes: September 1, 2007